What is Botox®?
BOTOX® is a cosmetic medical treatment designed to relax and relieve wrinkles with a small dose of potentially lethal Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin. It was introduced in the late 1980s to treat optic muscle disorders and is currently the number one cosmetic procedure in the USA. Along with its anti-wrinkle effects on crow’s feet, frown lines, and forehead furrows, BOTOX® is also used to treat problems with eye coordination and severe armpit perspiration. In the future, it may also be used to treat knee and hip osteoarthritis, migraine headache, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and temporomandibular joint disorder.
After being injected into the skin, C. botulinum toxins attach to muscle nerve endings. This inhibits the release of a chemical neurotransmitter called acetylcholine and stops muscle contractions that wrinkle the skin. Depending on the location of the injection sites, small muscles in the face are essentially paralyzed and prevented from wrinkling. Results are temporary and can reduce wrinkles by 80%.